Biographies of International Astronauts




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Personal data

Birthdate:  19.05.1948
Birthplace:  Paris
Marital status:  married
Children:  three
Selection date:  09.09.1985
Selection group:  CNES-2 / EAC
Position:  Test Cosmonaut (TC)
Status:  Ret. ??.05.2003


No. Mission Position Time Duration
1  Soyuz TM-17 / Soyuz TM-16  Research Cosmonaut  01.07. - 22.07.1993 20d 16h 08m 
2  Soyuz TM-29 / Mir-27  Flight Engineer  20.02. - 28.08.1999 188d 20h 16m 
Total  209d 12h 24m 

Backup assignments

No. Mission Position
1  Soyuz TM-15  Research Cosmonaut
2  Soyuz TM-27  Research Cosmonaut

Additional information

In 1971, he graduated as an engineer from the French Air Force Academy at Salon-de-Provence and qualified as a fighter pilot at Tours in 1973. In 1981 he graduated from the Empire Test Pilots School (ETPS) at Boscombe Down, England, where he won the "Hawker Hunter" and "Patuxent shield" awards. He studied astrophysics at the University of Orsay, France, from 1986 to 1987.
From 1973 until 1980, Jean-Pierre Haigneré was a fighter pilot, then Squadron Leader on Mirage 5 and Mirage IIIE aircraft. He was posted to the Bretigny-sur-Orge Flight Test Centre in 1981 as the project test pilot for the Mirage 2000N aircraft and was appointed Chief Test Pilot in 1983. He has logged 5500 hours flying on 105 different types of aircraft, including 1800 hours of test flight time. He holds a commission as Général in the French Air Force. He also holds current test pilot and air transport professional licenses, Airbus A300 and A320 qualifications, helicopter private license, mountain and seaplane rating. Brigadiergeneral French Air Force.
Jean-Pierre Haigneré was selected as an astronaut by the French National Space Agency (CNES) in September 1985. From 1986 to 1989 he headed the Manned Flight Division of the Hermes and Manned Flight Directorate, and took part in preliminary studies for the Hermes spaceplane. He also developed and fine-tuned the Zero G Caravelle programme (parabolic flights), subsequently becoming technical and operational officer-in-charge. From December 1990 Jean-Pierre Haigneré underwent training at Star City, near Moscow, as a back-up crewmember for the French-Russian Antares spaceflight. He was selected as prime crew for the Altaïr mission in 1992, undergoing seven month training for a 21-day mission on board the Mir space station, which successfully took place from July 01-22, 1993. In 1995 and 1996, he was involved at the Kaliningrad Russian Space Control Centre in the operational aspects of the ESA Euromir 95 and French Cassiopée manned spaceflights. He then returned to France where he was in charge, as test pilot, of flight assessment of the new Airbus Zero-G aircraft. From 1997 until end of June 1998 Jean-Pierre Haigneré trained at Star City for the French-Russian "Pegase" spaceflight.
In June 1998, Jean-Pierre Haigneré joined ESA European astronaut corps, whose homebase is ESA European Astronaut Centre in Cologne, Germany. In November 1999 he was assigned Head of the Astronaut Division at the European Astronaut Centre (EAC), Cologne.
As senior advisor to the ESA Director of Launchers, Jean-Pierre Haigneré is currently in charge of studying all aspects for a Soyuz human spaceflight programme from Europe's spaceport in French Guiana.
Enjoys flying all types of aircraft (sea planes, WW2 fighter planes, helicopters), golf, funboard, playing saxophone and reading.

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Last update on April 20, 2018.