ISS: Expedition 48
|Given names:||Jeffrey Nels||Aleksei Nikolaevich||Oleg Ivanovich||Anatoli Alekseyevich||Takuya||Kathleen Hallisey "Kate"|
|Position:||ISS-CDR||Flight Engineer||Flight Engineer||Flight Engineer||Flight Engineer||Flight Engineer|
|Spacecraft (Launch):||Soyuz TMA-20M||Soyuz TMA-20M||Soyuz TMA-20M||Soyuz MS||Soyuz MS||Soyuz MS|
|Launchtime:||21:26:38.355 UTC||21:26:38.355 UTC||21:26:38.355 UTC||01:36:40.208 UTC||01:36:40.208 UTC||01:36:40.208 UTC|
|Spacecraft (Landing):||Soyuz TMA-20M||Soyuz TMA-20M||Soyuz TMA-20M||Soyuz MS||Soyuz MS||Soyuz MS|
|Landingtime:||01:13:35.0 UTC||01:13:35.0 UTC||01:13:35.0 UTC||03:58:23.3 UTC||03:58:23.3 UTC||03:58:23.3 UTC|
|Mission duration:||172d 03h 46m 57s||172d 03h 46m 57s||172d 03h 46m 57s||115d 02h 21m 43s||115d 02h 21m 43s||115d 02h 21m 43s|
|Given names:||Sergei Nikolaevich||Andrei Ivanovich||Robert Shane||Oleg Viktorovich||Peggy Annette||Thomas Gautier|
|Position:||ISS-CDR||Flight Engineer||Flight Engineer||Flight Engineer||Flight Engineer||Flight Engineer|
credit: European Space Agency / Roscosmos
Launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome.
ISS Expedition 48 began with the undocking of spacecraft Soyuz TMA-19M on June 18, 2016 at 05:52:30 UTC. The former Expedition 47 (Timothy Kopra, Yuri Malenchenko and Timothy Peake) returned safely to Earth.
A Russian cargo ship currently docked to the International Space Station undocked for a short test flight on July 01, 2016.
The Progress MS cargo ship automatically undocked from the Pirs Docking Compartment of the space station and manually be guided in to re-dock. The maneuver began with undocking at 05:36:34 UTC and took approximately 30 minutes, with re-docking at 06:04:51 UTC.
This activity tested a newly installed manual docking system inside the station's Russian segment. The resupply ship backed away to a distance of about 600 feet (about 183 meters) from the station, at which point Expedition 48 cosmonauts Aleksei Ovchinin and Oleg Skripochka took manual control of the spacecraft. They used a workstation in the Zvezda Service Module to "fly" the Progress back to a linkup with Pirs.
The system test included verification of software and a new signal converter incorporated in the upgraded manual docking system for future use in both Progress and piloted Soyuz vehicles in the unlikely event the "Kurs" automated rendezvous in either craft encounters a problem.
Progress MS arrived at the station December 23, 2015 with more than three tons of food, fuel and supplies, and undocked for the final time at 03:38 UTC on July 03, 2016. The spacecraft, loaded with trash, will be deorbited by Russian flight controllers to burn up in the Earth's atmosphere over the Pacific Ocean.
Following a two days solo flight Soyuz MS docked to ISS on July 09, 2016. Anatoli Ivanishin, Takuya Onishi and Kathleen Rubins became the ISS Expedition 48 (together with ISS Expedition 47 crew members Aleksei Ovchinin, Oleg Skripochka and Jeffrey Williams). With the arrival Expedition 48 became a six-person-crew.
During their two-day transit from the launch pad at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan to the station, the crew tested a variety of upgraded systems on their Soyuz MS spacecraft. The modified Soyuz is equipped with upgraded thrusters that are fully redundant, additional micrometeoroid debris shielding, redundant electrical motors for the Soyuz' docking probe and increased power with more photovoltaic cells on the spacecraft's solar arrays.
The launch of the unpiloted Russian Progress MS-03 occurred on July 16, 2016 at 21:41:45.237 UTC from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. The freighter delivers three tons of food, fuel and supplies to the International Space Station.
The new-series spacecraft Progress MS and Soyuz MS were developed as a result of a radical upgrade of Progress M and Soyuz TMA spacecraft. The onboard command radio system Kvant-B was replaced with an integrated command and telemetry system with an additional telemetry channel. The new command radio link will make it possible to receive signals via relay satellites Luch-5, which will significantly increase the radio coverage zone for the spacecraft - up to 70% of an orbit. The spacecraft are equipped with an advanced onboard radio system for rendezvous and docking Kurs-NA. As compared with an earlier model, Kurs-A, it has improved mass and dimensions parameters and makes it possible to delete from the spacecraft hardware configuration one of the three radio antennas. Instead of the analog TV system Klyost, the spacecraft use a digital TV system, which makes it possible to maintain communications between the spacecraft and the station via a space-to-space RF link. Also included into the onboard equipment of the Soyuz MS and Progress MS series spacecraft to replace the equipment that is being phased out of production is a new Digital Backup Loop Control Unit developed by RSC Energiya, an upgraded Rate Sensor Unit BDUS-3A and a LED headlight SFOK. Thanks to the use of new ground and onboard radio systems, it became possible to use state-of-the-art data transmission protocols, which resulted in improved operational stability of spacecraft control system.
The spacecraft docked to the Pirs docking compartment of the space station at 00:20:30 UTC on July 19, 2016. Progress MS-03 will spend more than six months docked at the station before departing in mid-January 2017 for its deorbit into the Earth's atmosphere.
NASA provider SpaceX launched its ninth Commercial Resupply Services mission to the International Space Station. The SpaceX Dragon CRS-9 or SpX-9 cargo spacecraft made a liftoff on the company's Falcon 9 rocket at 04:45:29.318 UTC on July 18, 2016 from Space Launch Complex 40 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida. It delivers scientific research, crew supplies and hardware on its ninth Commercial Resupply Services mission to the International Space Station. Approximately 10 minutes after launch, Dragon reached its preliminary orbit, deployed its solar arrays and began its two-day voyage of carefully choreographed thruster firings to reach the space station.
After arrival on July 20, 2016, Jeffrey Williams used the station's 57.7-foot (17.6-meter) Canadarm2 robotic arm to reach out and capture the Dragon spacecraft at 10:58 UTC. Kathleen Rubins served as his backup, and ground controllers sent commands for the station's robotic arm to install Dragon on the Earth-facing side of the Harmony module at 14:03 UTC.
The following day, the Expedition 48 crew will pressurize the vestibule between the station and Dragon, open the hatch between the two spacecraft, and begin the five-week process of unloading the almost 4,900 pounds (2,220 kg) of supplies and reloading the spacecraft with cargo scheduled to return to Earth August 29, 2016. Dragon's cargo will support dozens of the more than 250 science and research investigations during the station's Expeditions 48 and 49.
DNA testing aboard the space station typically requires collecting samples and returning them to Earth. The Biomolecule Sequencer seeks to demonstrate, for the first time, that DNA sequencing is feasible in microgravity using a crew-operated, miniaturized device to identify microbes, diagnose diseases, monitor crew health and possibly help detect DNA-based life off the Earth.
Maintaining safe temperatures is difficult in space where there is no atmosphere to moderate the extreme heat and cold provided by direct, unfiltered sunlight. The Phase Change Heat Exchanger, a NASA investigation to test temperature control technology for future spacecraft, uses a continual process of freezing and thawing to maintain temperatures inside a spacecraft, thereby protecting crews and equipment.
The crew also will test a new efficient, three-dimensional solar cell.
Millions of Americans experience bone loss resulting from disease or the reduced effects of gravity that can occur in immobilized patients. New ground-based studies are using magnetic levitation equipment to simulate these gravity-related changes. Research delivered under the station's role as a U.S. National Laboratory includes OsteoOmics, a test to determine whether magnetic levitation accurately simulates the free-fall conditions of microgravity by comparing genetic expression in different types of bone cells. Improved understanding of the mechanisms behind bone loss could lead to better ways to prevent it during space missions. This also could contribute to better prevention of, and treatments for, bone loss as a result of diseases like osteopenia and osteoporosis, or from prolonged bed rest.
Another National Lab investigation called Heart Cells studies how microgravity changes the human heart, and how those changes vary from one individual to another. Future exploration of the moon, asteroids or Mars will require long periods of space travel, which creates increased risk of health problems such as muscle atrophy, including possible atrophy of heart muscle. Heart cells cultured aboard the space station for one month will be analyzed for cellular and molecular changes. Results could advance the study of heart disease and the development of drugs and cell replacement therapy.
Among the arriving cargo is the first of two international docking adapters (IDA), which will provide a means for commercial spacecraft to dock to the station when transporting astronauts in the near future as part of NASA's Commercial Crew Program.
The first spacewalk in ISS Expedition 48 was performed by Jeffrey Williams and Kathleen Rubins on August 19, 2016 (5h 58m). The two astronauts ventured outside the space station's Quest airlock to install the first of two international docking adapters (IDAs) onto Pressurized Mating Adapter-2 (PMA-2), located on the forward end of the Harmony module. On August 18, 2016 ground controllers used the Canadarm2 robotic arm, and its attached "Dextre" Special Purpose Dexterous Manipulator, to extract the IDA from the trunk of Dragon, and position it just inches away from PMA-2. The new adapter was launched on a SpaceX Dragon cargo spacecraft and arrived at the station July 20, 2016.
The IDA will allow commercial crew flights from Florida's Space Coast to the International Space Station with Boeing and SpaceX spacecrafts to restore America's human spaceflight launch capability and increase the time U.S. crews can dedicate to scientific research, which is helping prepare astronauts for deep space missions, including the journey to Mars.
On August 24, 2016, an ISS reboost was performed using Progress MS-02 R&D thrusters. This reboost was to set up for Soyuz TMA-20M landing on September 07, 2016 and Soyuz MS-02 launch on September 23, 2016. The engines started at 07:30 UTC and fired 728.6 seconds. The ISS got 1.3 m / sec more speed. The orbit was 2.3 kilometers raised and is now at about 404 kilometers.
After delivering almost 5,000 pounds (2,267 kg) of supplies, experiments and equipment - including a docking adapter for future American commercial crew spacecraft - a SpaceX Dragon cargo craft left the International Space Station on August 26, 2016.
SpaceX's Commercial Resupply Service-9 mission arrived on station July 20, 2016. The Dragon spacecraft was detached from the Earth-facing port of the Harmony module using the station's Canadarm2 2 robotic arm. Robotics controllers sent commands to maneuver the spacecraft into place before it's released by Kathleen Rubins and Takuya Onishi at 10:11 UTC.
The spacecraft moved to a safe distance from the station and fire its engines at 14:56 UTC to drop out of orbit and descend back to Earth. A parachute-assisted splashdown in the Pacific is expected at 15:47 UTC about 326 miles (525 kilometers) west of Baja California. A recovery team will retrieve the capsule and about 3,000 pounds (1,360 kg) of cargo and experiments for researchers and investigators.
Among the experiment samples returning are those from the Heart Cells study, which is looking at how microgravity affects human heart cells. The U.S. National Laboratory investigation is studying how microgravity changes the human heart, and how those changes vary between individuals. Deep space missions including the journey to Mars will require long periods of space travel, which creates increased risk of health problems such as muscle atrophy, including possible atrophy of the heart muscle. Heart cells cultured aboard the space station for one month will be analyzed for cellular and molecular changes. Results could advance the study of heart disease and the development of drugs and cell replacement therapy.
Samples will also be returned from two rodent-based investigations, the Mouse Epigenetics and Rodent Research-3-Eli Lilly experiments. The mouse model is useful for showing how much shorter stays by mice in the low-Earth environment can be used to infer how similar conditions may affect future human exploration.
In Mouse Epigenetics, researchers are exploring altered gene expression and DNA by tracking changes in the organs of male mice that spend one month in space, and examining changes in the DNA of their offspring. In Rodent Research-3-Eli Lilly, scientists are looking at rapid loss of bone and muscle mass in the legs and spine, and comparing it to what is experienced by people with muscle wasting diseases or with limited mobility on Earth and testing an antibody known to prevent muscle wasting in mice on Earth. This U.S. National Laboratory experiment is sponsored by pharmaceutical company Eli Lilly and Co. and the Center for the Advancement of Science in Space.
Also returning are samples from the Multi-Omics experiment. This research is analyzing the composition of microbes in the human digestive system and how they may affect the human immune system. Researchers may be able to identify bacterial or metabolic biomarkers that could be useful for astronaut health management, and therefore future human exploration of the solar system.
On September 01, 2016 Jeffrey Williams and Kathleen Rubins worked outside the International Space Station for the second time in less than two weeks (6h 48m). Working on the port side of the orbiting complex's backbone, or truss (ITS), the astronauts retracted a thermal radiator that is part of the station's cooling system. The radiator is a backup that had been deployed previously as part of an effort to fix an ammonia coolant leak. They also tightened struts on a solar array joint, and installed the first of several enhanced high-definition television cameras that will be used to monitor activities outside the station, including the comings and goings of visiting cargo and crew vehicles.
Finally the station command changed from US astronaut Jeffrey Williams to Russian cosmonaut Anatoli Ivanishin. With undocking of Soyuz TMA-20M, carrying Jeffrey Williams, Aleksei Ovchinin and Oleg Skripochka, on September 06, 2016 at 21:51:31 UTC the Expedition 48 concluded and the new ISS Expedition 49 began.
During the stay on board of the ISS the crews of Expeditions 47 / 48 carried out the following scientific experiments (without Russian experiments):
3D Printing In Zero-G (3D Printing In Zero-G Technology Demonstration)
ACE-H-2 (Advanced Colloids Experiment-Heated-2)
ACE-T-1 (Advanced Colloids Experiment-Temperature control-1)
ACE-T-5-Bijels (Advanced Colloids Experiment-Temperature-5 Bijels)
AIRWAY MONITORING (AIRWAY MONITORING)
AMO-EXPRESS 2.0 (Autonomous Mission Operations EXPRESS 2.0 Project)
AMS-02 (Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer - 02)
APEX-04 (Epigenetic change in Arabidopsis thaliana in response to spaceflight - differential cytosine DNA methylation of plants on the ISS)
ARTE (Advanced Research Thermal Passive Exchange)
ATOMIZATION (Detailed validation of the new atomization concept derived from drop tower experiments--Aimed at developing a turbulent atomization simulator)
Area PADLES (Area Passive Dosimeter for Life-Science Experiments in Space)
At Home in Space (Culture, Values, and Environmental Adaptation in Space)
Auxin Transport (Studies on gravity-controlled growth and development in plants using true microgravity conditions)
BASS-II (Burning and Suppression of Solids - II)
BEAM (Bigelow Expandable Activity Module)
Biochem Profile (Biochemical Profile)
Biological Rhythms 48hrs (The effect of long-term microgravity exposure on cardiac autonomic function by analyzing 48-hours electrocardiogram)
Biomolecule Sequencer (Biomolecule Sequencer)
Bisphosphonates (Bisphosphonates as a Countermeasure to Space Flight Induced Bone Loss)
Body Measures (Quantification of In-Flight Physical Changes - Anthropometry and Neutral Body Posture)
CALET (CALorimetric Electron Telescope)
CASIS PCG 4-1 (Protein Crystallography to Enable Structure-Based Drug Design)
CASIS PCG 4-2 (The Effect of Microgravity on the Co-crystallization of a Membrane protein with a medically relevant compound.)
CASIS PCG 5 (Microgravity Growth of Crystalline Monoclonal Antibodies for Pharmaceutical Applications.)
CATS (Cloud-Aerosol Transport System)
CEO (Crew Earth Observations)
CFE-2 (Capillary Flow Experiment - 2)
Cardio Ox (Defining the Relationship Between Biomarkers of Oxidative and Inflammatory Stress and the Risk for Atherosclerosis in Astronauts During and After Long-duration Spaceflight)
Cell Mechanosensing (Identification of gravity-transducers in skeletal muscle cells: Physiological relevance of tension fluctuations in plasma membrane)
Cell Science-01 (Cell Science-01)
Circadian Rhythms (Circadian Rhythms)
Cognition (Individualized Real-Time Neurocognitive Assessment Toolkit for Space Flight Fatigue)
Cool Flames Investigation (Cool Flames Investigation)
DECLIC DSI-R (DEvice for the study of Critical LIquids and Crystallization - Directional Solidification Insert-Reflight)
DECLIC HTI-R (DEvice for the study of Critical LIquids and Crystallization - High Temperature Insert-Reflight)
DOSIS-3D (Dose Distribution Inside the International Space Station - 3D)
Dose Tracker (Dose Tracker Application for Monitoring Medication Usage, Symptoms, and Adverse Effects During Missions)
Dynamic Surf (Experimental Assessment of Dynamic Surface Deformation Effects in Transition to Oscillatory Thermo capillary Flow in Liquid Bridge of High Prandtl Number Fluid)
ESA-EPO-Peake (European Space Agency-Education Payload Operation-Peake)
Eli Lilly-Hard to Wet Surfaces (Hard to Wet Surfaces)
Embryo Rad (Lifetime Heritable Effect of Space Radiation on Mouse embryos Preserved for a long-term in ISS)
Energy (Astronaut's Energy Requirements for Long-Term Space Flight)
FLEX-2 (Flame Extinguishment Experiment - 2)
Field Test (Recovery of Functional Sensorimotor Performance Following Long Duration Space Flight)
Fine Motor Skills (Effects of Long-Duration Microgravity on Fine Motor Skills: 1 year ISS Investigation)
Fluid Shifts (Fluid Shifts Before, During and After Prolonged Space Flight and Their Association with Intracranial Pressure and Visual Impairment)
Fruit Fly Lab -02 (FFL-02) (The effects of microgravity on cardiac function, structure and gene expression using the Drosophila model)
Gecko Gripper (Gecko Gripper)
Genes in Space-1 (Genes in Space-1)
Group Combustion (Elucidation of Flame Spread and Group Combustion Excitation Mechanism of Randomly-distributed Droplet Clouds)
HDEV (High Definition Earth Viewing)
HREP-RAIDS (HICO and RAIDS Experiment Payload - Remote Atmospheric and Ionospheric Detection System (RAIDS))
Habitability (Habitability Assessment of International Space Station)
Heart Cells (Effects of Microgravity on Stem Cell-Derived Heart Cells)
IPVI (Non-invasive assessment of intracranial pressure for space flight and related visual impairment)
ISS Ham Radio (ARISS) (International Space Station Ham Radio (also known as Amateur Radio on the International Space Station (ARISS)))
ISS RapidScat (ISS-RapidScat)
Interfacial Energy 1 (Interfacial phenomena and thermophysical properties of high-temperature liquids-Fundamental research of steel processing using electrostatic levitation)
JAXA ELF (Electrostatic Levitation Furnace (ELF))
JAXA PCG (JAXA PCG#11)
JAXA PCG Demo (JAXA High Quality Protein Crystal Growth Demonstration Experiment)
LDST (Long Duration Sorbent Testbed)
LMM Biophysics 1 (The Effect of Macromolecular Transport of Microgravity Protein Crystallization)
LMM Biophysics 3 (Growth Rate Dispersion as a Predictive Indicator for Biological Crystal Samples Where Quality Can be Improved with Microgravity Growth)
LONESTAR (Low Earth Orbiting Navigation Experiment for Spacecraft Testing Autonomous Rendezvous and Docking)
MAXI (Monitor of All-sky X-ray Image)
MED-2 (Miniature Exercise Device)
METERON (METERON Quick Start a / DTN)
MISSE-8 FSE (MISSE-8 FSE)
MUSCLE BIOPSY (MUSCLE BIOPSY)
MVIS Controller-1 (MVIS Controller-1)
Marangoni-UVP (Spatio-temporal Flow Structure in Marangoni Convection)
Maritime Awareness (Global AIS on Space Station (GLASS))
Marrow (The MARROW study (Bone Marrow Adipose Reaction: Red Or White?))
Meteor (Meteor Composition Determination)
Micro-10 (Influence of microgravity on the production of Aspergillus secondary metabolites (IMPAS) a novel drug discovery approach with potential benefits to astronauts health)
Micro-9 (Yeast colony survival in microgravity depends on ammonia mediated metabolic adaptation and cell differentiation)
Microbe-IV (Microbiological monitoring in the International Space Station-KIBO)
Microbial Observatory-1 (Microbial Tracking Payload Series)
Microbiome (Study of the Impact of Long-Term Space Travel on the Astronauts' Microbiome)
Microchannel Diffusion (Microchannel Diffusion)
Mouse Epigenetics (Transcriptome analysis and germ-cell development analysis of mice in the space)
Multi-Omics (Multi-omics analysis of human microbial-metabolic cross-talk in the space ecosystem)
Myco (for 1YM) (Mycological Evaluation of Crew Exposure to ISS Ambient Air 1 Year Mission)
NanoRacks-AGAR (NanoRacks-Algal Growth and Remediation)
NanoRacks-Gumstix (NanoRacks-Evaluation of Gumstix Performance in Low-Earth Orbit)
NanoRacks-JAMSS-2, Lagrange-1 (NanoRacks-JAMSS-2, Lagrange-1)
NanoRacks-Mission Discovery 2 (NanoRacksMission Discovery Biomedical Experiments 2)
NanoRacks-NCESSE-Odyssey (NanoRacks-National Center for Earth and Space Science-Odyssey (SSEP Mission 7))
NanoRacks-NovaWurks-SIMPL-Microsat (NanoRacks Kaber Mission 1-NovaWurks-Satlet Initial Mission Proofs and Lessons)
NanoRacks-Slime Mold (NanoRacks-Slime Mold Organization)
NanoRacks-SyNRGE³ (NanoRacks-Symbiotic Nodulation in a Reduced Gravity Environment-Cubed)
NeuroMapping (Spaceflight Effects on Neurocognitive Performance: Extent, Longevity, and Neural Bases)
OASIS (Observation Analysis of Smectic Islands in Space)
OPALS (Optical PAyload for Lasercomm Science)
Ocular Health (Prospective Observational Study of Ocular Health in ISS Crews)
PBRE (Packed Bed Reactor Experiment)
PK-4 (Plasma Krystall-4)
Personal CO2 Monitor (Personal CO2 Monitor)
Phase Change HX (Phase Change Heat Exchanger Project)
Plant Gravity Sensing (Utilization of the micro gravity condition to examine the cellular process of formation of the gravity sensor and the molecular mechanism of gravity sensing)
Plant RNA Regulation (Transcriptional and Post Transcriptional Regulation of Seedling Development in Microgravity)
REBR-W (Reentry Breakup Recorder with Wireless Sensors)
RFID Logistics Awareness ( RFID-Enabled Autonomous Logistics Management (REALM))
RJR (Augmented) Microbial Sampling (RJR (Augmented) Microbial Sampling)
ROSA (Roll-Out Solar Array)
RRM-Phase 2 (Robotic Refueling Mission Phase 2)
RTcMISS (Radiation Tolerant Computer Mission on the ISS)
Radi-N2 (Radi-N2 Neutron Field Study)
Radiation Environment Monitor (Radiation Environment Monitor)
Repository (National Aeronautics and Space Administration Biological Specimen Repository)
Rodent Research-3-Eli Lilly (Assessment of myostatin inhibition to prevent skeletal muscle atrophy and weakness in mice exposed to long-duration spaceflight)
Rodent Research-4 (CASIS) (Tissue Regeneration-Bone Defect)
SAGE III-ISS (Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment III-ISS)
SCAN Testbed (Space Communications and Navigation Testbed)
SEDA-AP (Space Environment Data Acquisition Equipment - Attached Payload)
SNFM (Serial Network Flow Monitor)
SPHERES Halo (Synchronized Position, Hold, Engage, Reorient, Experimental Satellites - Halo)
SPHERES Tether Demo (SPHERES Tether Demo)
SPHERES-UDP (Synchronized Position, Hold, Engage, Reorient, Experimental Satellites-Universal Docking Port)
SPHERES-Zero-Robotics (Synchronized Position Hold, Engage, Reorient, Experimental Satellites-Zero-Robotics)
STP-H5 FPS (STP-H5-Fabry Perot Spectrometer for Methane)
STP-H5 ICE (STP-H5-Innovative Coatings Experiment)
STP-H5 LITES (STP-H5-Limb-Imaging Ionospheric and Thermospheric Extreme-Ultraviolet Spectrographs)
STP-H5 SHM (STP-H5-Structural Health Monitoring)
STP-H5 Space Cube - Mini (STP-H5-SpaceCube - Mini)
Saffire-I (Spacecraft Fire Experiment-I)
Saffire-II (Spacecraft Fire Experiment-II)
Salivary Markers (The Effects of Long-Term Exposure to Microgravity on Salivary Markers of Innate Immunity)
Sally Ride EarthKAM (Sally Ride Earth Knowledge Acquired by Middle School Students)
Solar-SOLACES (Sun Monitoring on the External Payload Facility of Columbus - SOLar Auto-Calibrating EUV/UV Spectrophotometers)
Solar-SOLSPEC (Sun Monitoring on the External Payload Facility of Columbus-Sun Monitoring on the External Payload Facility of Columbus-SOLar SPECtral Irradiance Measurements)
Space Headaches (Space Headaches)
Space Pup (Effect of space environment on mammalian reproduction)
Sprint (Integrated Resistance and Aerobic Training Study)
Stem Cells (Study on the Effect of Space Environment to Embryonic Stem Cells to Their Development)
Story Time From Space (Story Time From Space)
Straight Ahead in Microgravity (Straight Ahead)
Synergy (The elucidation of the re-adaptation on the attitude control after return from long term space flight)
Synthetic Muscle (Synthetic Muscle: Resistance to Radiation; Ras Labs-CASIS-ISS Project for Synthetic Muscle: Resistance to Radiation)
TBone (Assessment of the effect of space flight on bone quality using three-dimensional high resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT))
Telescience Resource Kit (Flight Demonstration of Telescience Resource Kit)
Telomeres (Assessing Telomere Lengths and Telomerase Activity in Astronauts)
Try Zero-G for Asia (Try Zero-G for Asia)
UBNT (Ultrasonic Background Noise Test)
UD Space Suit Layup (Improved EVA Suit MMOD Protection using STF-ArmorTM and self-healing polymers)
Universal Battery Charger (Universal Battery Charger)
Vascular Echo (Cardiac and Vessel Structure and Function with Long-Duration Space Flight and Recovery)
Vessel ID System (Vessel ID System)
Water Monitoring Suite (Water Monitoring Suite)
Windows on Earth (Windows on Earth)
ZBOT (Zero Boil-Off Tank)
Last update on February 28, 2017.