Human Spaceflights

International Flight No. 319

Soyuz MS-17



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Launch, orbit and landing data

Launch date:  14.10.2020
Launch time:  05:45:04.536 UTC
Launch site:  Baikonur
Launch pad:  31
Altitude:  400 km
Inclination:  51.66°
Docking ISS:  14.10.2020, 08:48:43 UTC
Undocking ISS:  17.04.2021, 01:34:04 UTC
Landing date:  17.04.2021
Landing time:  04:55:07.9 UTC
Landing site:  47°19'32.4" N, 69°39'34.8" E

walkout photo

Crew Soyuz MS-17

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alternative crew photo

alternative crew photo

alternative crew photo

alternative crew photo

alternative crew photo

alternative crew photo


No.   Surname Given names Position Flight No. Duration Orbits
1  Ryzhikov  Sergei Nikolaevich  Commander 2 184d 23h 10m 03s  2960 
2  Kud-Sverchkov  Sergei Vladimirovich  Flight Engineer 1 184d 23h 10m 03s  2960 
3  Rubins  Kathleen Hallisey "Kate"  Flight Engineer 2 184d 23h 10m 03s  2960 

Crew seating arrangement

1  Ryzhikov
2  Kud-Sverchkov
3  Rubins
Soyuz MS spacecraft
1  Ryzhikov
2  Kud-Sverchkov
3  Rubins

Backup Crew

No.   Surname Given names Position
1  Novitsky  Oleg Viktorovich  Commander
2  Dubrov  Pyotr Valerievich  Flight Engineer
3  Vande Hei  Mark Thomas  Flight Engineer
Crew Soyuz MS-17 backup
Patch Soyuz MS-17 backup crew

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No.   Surname Given names Position
1  Shkaplerov  Anton Nikolayevich  Commander
2  Babkin  Andrei Nikolayevich  Flight Engineer
Crew Soyuz MS-17 Reserve


Launch vehicle:  Soyuz-2.1a (No. Kh15000-045)
Spacecraft:  Soyuz MS-17 (MS No. 747)


Launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome. ISS Expedition 63 / 64. Landing 155 km southeast of Dzheskasgan.

Following an only three-hours solo flight Soyuz MS-17 docked to ISS on October 14, 2020. Sergei Ryzhikov, Sergei Kud-Sverchkov and Kathleen Rubins became the ISS Expedition 63 (together with ISS Expedition 62 crew members Anatoli Ivanishin, Ivan Vagner and Christopher Cassidy). With the arrival Expedition 63 became a six-person-crew.

The Soyuz spacecraft is composed of three elements attached end-to-end - the Orbital Module, the Descent Module and the Instrumentation/Propulsion Module. The crew occupied the central element, the Descent Module. The other two modules are jettisoned prior to re-entry. They burn up in the atmosphere, so only the Descent Module returned to Earth.
The deorbit burn lasted 320 seconds. Having shed two-thirds of its mass, the Soyuz reached Entry Interface - a point 400,000 feet (121.9 kilometers) above the Earth, where friction due to the thickening atmosphere began to heat its outer surfaces. With only 23 minutes left before it lands on the grassy plains of central Asia, attention in the module turned to slowing its rate of descent.
Eight minutes later, the spacecraft was streaking through the sky at a rate of 755 feet (230 meters) per second. Before it touched down, its speed slowed to only 5 feet (1.5 meter) per second, and it lands at an even lower speed than that. Several onboard features ensure that the vehicle and crew land safely and in relative comfort.
Four parachutes, deployed 15 minutes before landing, dramatically slowed the vehicle's rate of descent. Two pilot parachutes were the first to be released, and a drogue chute attached to the second one followed immediately after. The drogue, measuring 24 square meters (258 square feet) in area, slowed the rate of descent from 755 feet (230 meters) per second to 262 feet (80 meters) per second.
The main parachute was the last to emerge. It is the largest chute, with a surface area of 10,764 square feet (1,000 square meters). Its harnesses shifted the vehicle's attitude to a 30-degree angle relative to the ground, dissipating heat, and then shifted it again to a straight vertical descent prior to landing.
The main chute slowed the Soyuz to a descent rate of only 24 feet (7.3 meters) per second, which is still too fast for a comfortable landing. One second before touchdown, two sets of three small engines on the bottom of the vehicle fired, slowing the vehicle to soften the landing.

Graphics / Photos

Soyuz MS Soyuz MS
Soyuz MS crew in training
crew in training Soyuz MS-17 rollout
Soyuz MS-17 rollout Soyuz MS-17 erection
Soyuz MS-17 on the launch pad Soyuz MS-17 launch
Soyuz MS-17 launch Soyuz MS-17 launch
Soyuz MS-17 launch Soyuz MS-17 landing
Soyuz MS-17 recovery  


Last update on December 06, 2023.