Human Spaceflights

International Flight No. 222

Soyuz TM-32

Soyuz TM-31



Patch Soyuz TM-32

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Launch, orbit and landing data

Launch date:  28.04.2001
Launch time:  07:37:19.953 UTC
Launch site:  Baikonur
Launch pad:  1
Altitude:  392 - 407 km
Inclination:  51.66°
Docking ISS:  30.04.2001, 07:57:47 UTC
Undocking ISS (Crew):  05.05.2002, 00:31:08 UTC
Landing date (Crew):  06.05.2001
Landing time (Crew):  05:41:28 UTC
Landing site (Crew):  50°38'42" N, 66°43'54" E
Undocking ISS (Soyuz TM-32):  31.10.2001, 01:38:30 UTC
Landing date (Soyuz TM-32):  31.10.2001
Landing time (Soyuz TM-32):  04:59:25 UTC
Landing site (Soyuz TM-32):  46°44'58'' N, 69°42'00'' E

walkout photo

Crew Soyuz TM-32

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alternative crew photo

alternative crew photo

alternative crew photo

alternative crew photo


No.   Surname Given names Position Flight No. Duration Orbits
1  Musabayev  Talgat Amangeldyyevich  Commander 3 7d 22h 04m 08s  125 
2  Baturin  Yuri Mikhailovich  Flight Engineer 2 7d 22h 04m 08s  125 
3  Tito  Dennis Anthony  Spaceflight Participant 1 7d 22h 04m 08s  125 

Crew seating arrangement

1  Musabayev
2  Baturin
3  Tito
Soyuz TM spacecraft
1  Afanasiyev
2  Haigneré
3  Kozeyev

Backup Crew

No.   Surname Given names Position
1  Afanasiyev  Viktor Mikhailovich  Commander
2  Kozeyev  Konstantin Mirovich  Flight Engineer
Crew Soyuz TM-32 backup


Launch vehicle:  Soyuz-U (No. 35M130S K15000-674)
Spacecraft:  Soyuz TM-32 (7K-STM No. 206)


Launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome and landing with Soyuz TM-31 46 km northwest of Arkalyk in Kazhakstan.

Soyuz TM-32 was the first taxi crew to the ISS. Following a two-day solo flight Soyuz TM-32 docked with the ISS on April 30, 2001 and common work with the second expedition was performed.

Dennis Tito (USA) paid as the first space tourist 20 Million Dollar for his flight. The main purpose was to exchange the Soyuz spacecraft (Soyuz TM-31). Soyuz TM-32 served as a new lifeboat.

The Soyuz spacecraft is composed of three elements attached end-to-end - the Orbital Module, the Descent Module and the Instrumentation/Propulsion Module. The crew occupied the central element, the Descent Module. The other two modules are jettisoned prior to re-entry. They burn up in the atmosphere, so only the Descent Module returned to Earth.
The deorbit burn lasted about 240 seconds. Having shed two-thirds of its mass, the Soyuz reached Entry Interface - a point 400,000 feet (121.9 kilometers) above the Earth, where friction due to the thickening atmosphere began to heat its outer surfaces. With only 23 minutes left before it lands on the grassy plains of central Asia, attention in the module turned to slowing its rate of descent.
Eight minutes later, the spacecraft was streaking through the sky at a rate of 755 feet (230 meters) per second. Before it touched down, its speed slowed to only 5 feet (1.5 meter) per second, and it lands at an even lower speed than that. Several onboard features ensure that the vehicle and crew land safely and in relative comfort.
Four parachutes, deployed 15 minutes before landing, dramatically slowed the vehicle's rate of descent. Two pilot parachutes were the first to be released, and a drogue chute attached to the second one followed immediately after. The drogue, measuring 24 square meters (258 square feet) in area, slowed the rate of descent from 755 feet (230 meters) per second to 262 feet (80 meters) per second.
The main parachute was the last to emerge. It is the largest chute, with a surface area of 10,764 square feet (1,000 square meters). Its harnesses shifted the vehicle's attitude to a 30-degree angle relative to the ground, dissipating heat, and then shifted it again to a straight vertical descent prior to landing.
The main chute slowed the Soyuz to a descent rate of only 24 feet (7.3 meters) per second, which is still too fast for a comfortable landing. One second before touchdown, two sets of three small engines on the bottom of the vehicle fired, slowing the vehicle to soften the landing.

Relocations of Manned Spacecrafts

Spacecraft from Undocking Time UTC to Redocking Time UTC
Soyuz TM-32 ISS - Zarya 19.10.2001 10:48:10 ISS - Pirs 19.10.2001 11:04:10


Soyuz TM-32 rollout Soyuz TM-32 launch
prior docking Soyuz TM-32 prior to docking
Crew Soyuz TM-32 onboard ISS Crew Soyuz TM-32 onboard ISS
Soyuz TM-32 departure from the ISS Soyuz TM-32 landing
Soyuz TM-32 recovery Soyuz TM-32 recovery


Last update on August 12, 2020.