Human Spaceflights

International Flight No. 315

Soyuz MS-13

Cliff

Russia

Russia
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Launch, orbit and landing data

Launch date:  20.07.2019
Launch time:  16:28:20.238 UTC
Launch site:  Baikonur
Launch pad:  1
Altitude:  416 - 423 km
Inclination:  51.64°
Docking ISS:  20.07.2019, 22:47:50 UTC
Undocking ISS:  06.02.2020, 05:50:28 UTC
Landing date:  06.02.2020
Landing time:  09:12:21 UTC
Landing site:  47°26'34.26'' N, 69°33'52.26'' E

walkout photo

Crew Soyuz MS-13

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Crew

No.   Surname Given names Position Flight No. Duration Orbits
1  Skvortsov  Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Jr.  Commander 3 200d 16h 44m 01s  3216 
2 Italy  Parmitano  Luca Salvo  Flight Engineer 2 200d 16h 44m 01s  3216 
3  Morgan  Andrew Richard  Flight Engineer 1 271d 12h 47m 50s  4352 

Crew seating arrangement

Launch
1  Skvortsov
2  Parmitano
3  Morgan
Soyuz MS spacecraft
Landing
1  Skvortsov
2  Parmitano
3  Koch

Backup Crew

No.   Surname Given names Position
1  Ryzhikov  Sergei Nikolaevich  Commander
2  Marshburn  Thomas Henry "Tom"  Flight Engineer
3 Japan  Noguchi  Soichi  Flight Engineer
Crew Soyuz MS-13 backup

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Hardware

Launch vehicle:  Soyuz-FG (No. N15000-069)
Spacecraft:  Soyuz MS-13 (MS No. 746)

Flight

Launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome. ISS Expedition 60 / 61. Landing 144 km southeast of Dzheskasgan.

Following an only six-hours solo flight Soyuz MS-13 docked to ISS on July 20, 2019. Aleksandr Skvortsov, Luca Parmitano and Andrew Morgan became the ISS Expedition 60 (together with ISS Expedition 59 crew members Aleksei Ovchinin, Nicklaus Hague and Christina Koch). With the arrival Expedition 60 became a six-person-crew.

The Soyuz spacecraft is composed of three elements attached end-to-end - the Orbital Module, the Descent Module and the Instrumentation/Propulsion Module. The crew occupied the central element, the Descent Module. The other two modules are jettisoned prior to re-entry. They burn up in the atmosphere, so only the Descent Module returned to Earth.
The deorbit burn lasted 278 seconds. Having shed two-thirds of its mass, the Soyuz reached Entry Interface - a point 400,000 feet (121.9 kilometers) above the Earth, where friction due to the thickening atmosphere began to heat its outer surfaces. With only 23 minutes left before it lands on the grassy plains of central Asia, attention in the module turned to slowing its rate of descent.
Eight minutes later, the spacecraft was streaking through the sky at a rate of 755 feet (230 meters) per second. Before it touched down, its speed slowed to only 5 feet (1.5 meter) per second, and it lands at an even lower speed than that. Several onboard features ensure that the vehicle and crew land safely and in relative comfort.
Four parachutes, deployed 15 minutes before landing, dramatically slowed the vehicle's rate of descent. Two pilot parachutes were the first to be released, and a drogue chute attached to the second one followed immediately after. The drogue, measuring 24 square meters (258 square feet) in area, slowed the rate of descent from 755 feet (230 meters) per second to 262 feet (80 meters) per second.
The main parachute was the last to emerge. It is the largest chute, with a surface area of 10,764 square feet (1,000 square meters). Its harnesses shifted the vehicle's attitude to a 30-degree angle relative to the ground, dissipating heat, and then shifted it again to a straight vertical descent prior to landing.
The main chute slowed the Soyuz to a descent rate of only 24 feet (7.3 meters) per second, which is still too fast for a comfortable landing. One second before touchdown, two sets of three small engines on the bottom of the vehicle fired, slowing the vehicle to soften the landing.

Note

Andrew Morgan landed on April 17, 2020 at 05:16:10.0 UTC with Soyuz MS-15.

Relocations of Manned Spacecrafts

Spacecraft from Undocking Time UTC to Redocking Time UTC
Soyuz MS-13 ISS - Zvezda 26.08.2019 03:35:26 ISS - Poisk 26.08.2019 03:59:32

Graphics / Photos

Soyuz MS Soyuz MS
Soyuz MS crew in training
crew in training crew in training
Soyuz MS-13 integration Soyuz MS-13 rollout
Soyuz MS-13 rollout Soyuz MS-13 erection
Soyuz MS-13 on the launch pad Soyuz MS-13 launch
Soyuz MS-13 launch Soyuz MS-13 landing
Soyuz MS-13 recovery

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Last update on June 13, 2020.

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