Human Spaceflights

International Flight No. 11




Patch Voskhod

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Launch, orbit and landing data

Launch date:  12.10.1964
Launch time:  07:30:01 UTC
Launch site:  Baikonur
Launch pad:  1
Altitude:  177,5 - 408 km
Inclination:  64.90°
Landing date:  13.10.1964
Landing time:  07:47:04 UTC
Landing site:  54°02'00" N, 68°08'00" E

walkout photo

Crew Voskhod

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alternative crew photo

alternative crew photo

alternative crew photo

alternative crew photo

alternative crew photo

alternative crew photo


No.   Surname Given names Position Flight No. Duration Orbits
1  Komarov  Vladimir Mikhailovich  Commander 1 1d 00h 17m 03s  16 
2  Feoktistov  Konstantin Petrovich  Scientist Cosmonaut 1 1d 00h 17m 03s  16 
3  Yegorov  Boris Borisovich  Doctor Cosmonaut 1 1d 00h 17m 03s  16 

Crew seating arrangement

1  Komarov
2  Yegorov
3  Feoktistov
1  Komarov
2  Yegorov
3  Feoktistov

1st Backup Crew

No.   Surname Given names Position
1  Volynov  Boris Valentinovich  Commander
2  Katys  Georgi Petrovich  Scientist Cosmonaut
3  Sorokin  Aleksei Vasiliyevich  Doctor Cosmonaut
Crew Voskhod (1st backup - Volynov and Katys)

2nd Backup Crew

No.   Surname Given names Position
3  Lazarev  Vasili Grigoriyevich  Doctor Cosmonaut
Vasili Lazarev

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Launch vehicle:  Voskhod (No. R15000-04)
Spacecraft:  Voskhod (3KW No. 3)


Launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome and landing 312 km northwest of Kustanay.

The three spacesuits for the Voskhod cosmonauts were omitted; there was neither the room nor the payload capacity for the Voskhod to carry them. The original Voskhod had been designed to carry two cosmonauts, but Soviet politicians pushed the Soviet space program into squeezing three cosmonauts into Voskhod 1.

For the first time a spacecraft with three crewmembers was launched. The Voskhod spacecraft were basically Vostok spacecraft with a backup, solid-fuel retro-rocket added onto the top of the descent module. The ejection seat was removed and three crew couches were added to the interior at a 90-degree angle to that of the Vostok cosmonaut's position. There was no provision for escape for the crewmen in the event of a launch or landing emergency. A solid-fuel braking rocket was also added to the space capsule's parachute lines to provide for a softer landing at touchdown. This was necessary because, unlike the Vostok space capsule, no ejection seats were fitted in the Voskhod; the cosmonauts had to land inside the Voskhod descent module.

Although it was a short mission, the crew performed scientific physico-technical and medico-biological research. Around the flight were many (self-made) problems, for example the selection of the crew. It should be a multi-task crew, one real cosmonaut, one doctor and one engineer. Prime and backup crew were changed nearly every week. Premier Krushchev was withdrawn from his position during the flight. So, there were many suggestions, if the mission originally should have lasted longer. But the only reason were cramped conditions of the crew during the flight, the withdrawn of Krushchev and supposed problems with space sickness of Konstantin Feoktistov were not the reasons.

The spacecraft landed with its crew aboard. The crew left the capsule itself and waited for the rescue troops.


Voskhod production Voskhod production
crew in training (Volynov and Yegorov) Voskhod rollout
Voskhod erection Voskhod on launch pad
Voskhod on launch pad Voskhod launch
Voskhod launch Voskhod inflight
Yegorov onboard Voskhod  


Last update on March 28, 2020.